TSLA in need of a recharge?

Tesla's Q3 2023 report shows a significant increase in total revenues to $71.61 billion, indicating strong growth and demand for its products...

TSLA in need of a recharge?
DALLE-2 prompt: A picture of an electric car driving in a futuristic city in the style of a pencil sketch

Tesla, Inc. (TSLA),

November 7, 2023

(An occasional AI generated deep dive into a company of high interest)

Company Overview

Tesla Inc. is a renowned American company that operates in the automotive and energy sectors. It designs, manufactures, and sells electric vehicles, including the Model 3, Y, S, X, the Tesla Semi, the upcoming Cybertruck, and a new Tesla Roadster. Additionally, the company offers energy storage products such as the Powerwall and Megapack, and solar energy systems including the Solar Roof. Tesla also develops proprietary powertrain systems, battery technology, and self-driving technology. Recently, the company has ventured into the field of robotics with the development of a robotic humanoid called Optimus.

The company's revenue comes from various sources including car sales, the sale of regulatory credits to other automakers, leasing vehicles, providing services for Tesla products, and sales of its renewable energy products. Tesla also offers financial services like purchase financing and leases for their vehicles, as well as insurance products, and provides service for both their vehicles and energy products. The company's growth strategy includes expanding manufacturing capabilities worldwide and building close relationships with suppliers for key parts and raw materials.

In the energy sector, Tesla is making a significant impact by marketing and selling their solar and energy storage products to residential, commercial, and industrial customers. The company's entry into the energy sector with its energy generation and storage business segment represents a significant revenue growth opportunity, given the increasing environmental consciousness and favorable government incentives for clean energy adoption.

Tesla is also focused on innovation and protecting its intellectual property rights, particularly in the area of electric vehicle technology. The company's mission aligns with ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) principles, aiming to accelerate the world's transition to sustainable energy, reduce carbon emissions, and source responsibly produced materials.

With a workforce of 127,855 worldwide, Tesla values its human capital and promotes a respectful and appreciative workplace. The company has implemented strategic initiatives aimed at workforce growth and diversification, including training programs and resources for high school graduates and college students transitioning to full-time employment.

Looking forward, potential areas for growth could come from advancements in electric vehicle technologies, increased adoption of solar energy systems, and energy storage system technologies. Additionally, the regulatory environment is becoming increasingly conducive to renewable energy systems, which could further drive Tesla's growth.

 By the Numbers

  • Tesla produced 1,369,611 vehicles and delivered 1,313,851 in 2022.
  • The company's revenue in 2022 was $81.46 billion, a substantial increase of $27.64 billion from the previous year.
  • Net income attributable to common stockholders was $12.56 billion in 2022, a favorable increase of $7.04 billion compared to 2021.
  • Tesla ended 2022 with cash and cash equivalents and investments totaling $22.19 billion, a $4.48 billion increase from 2021.
  • The company anticipates capital expenditures between $6 billion and $8 billion in 2023, and between $7 billion and $9 billion in the subsequent two years.
  • Tesla's automotive sales grew from $44,125 million in 2021 to $67,210 million in 2022.
  • Total revenue grew by $22,287 million, from $53,823 million in 2021 to $81,462 million in 2022.
  • The cost of revenue for Tesla was $60,609 million in 2022, an increase from the previous year.
  • The cost of automotive sales revenue for Tesla, Inc. significantly increased by 53%, which equates to $17.18 billion, in 2022 compared to 2021.
  • The overall gross margin decreased slightly, from 29.3% to 28.5%.
  • Research and Development expenses grew 19% or $482 million in 2022, while Selling, General, and Administrative expenses decreased by 13% or $571 million.
  • In Q3 2023, Tesla's total revenues reached $71.61 billion.
  • Net income attributable to stockholders decreased to $7.07 billion in Q3 2023.
  • Tesla ended Q3 with $26.08 billion in cash and investments, and its capital expenditures increased to $6.59 billion.
  • Total automotive revenues increased by 5% for the quarter and 21% for the nine months in Q3 2023.
  • The cost of automotive sales revenue also increased in Q3 2023.
  • Research and development expenses saw a significant increase, with a 58% spike in Q3 2023 to $1.16B.
  • Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by 30% in Q3 2023.
  • Tesla's effective tax rate remains at 8% for Q3 2023 but increased from 9% to 10% in the nine months ended September 30, 2023.
  • The company's current outstanding combined debt is $3.73 billion, with $1.56 billion due within the next 12 months.
  • Cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments for the period amounted to $15.93 billion and $10.15 billion, respectively.
  • Cash flows provided by operating activities decreased by $2.56 billion to $8.89 billion in Q3 2023.
  • Cash from financing activities changed by $4.73 billion to $1.70 billion net cash provided by financing within the past nine months.

Stock Performance and Technical Analysis

In a brief overview of the company's equity, the current stock price is around $219.27. This is a significant 42% increase from its 52-week low, indicating a substantive recovery over the past year. The stability in price over the last month and three months could be seen as a sign of consolidation.

The daily volume of traded shares has been around 119 million, slightly below the long-term average of 128 million. This lesser volume might suggest a decrease in investor interest or activity in the stock. The Money Flow Index, a technical oscillator that uses price and volume to measure overbought or oversold conditions, suggests the stock is under moderate selling pressure. This could potentially indicate a bearish sentiment among investors.

The Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD), a trend-following momentum indicator, is currently at -10.9, which is a bearish signal. This implies that the short-term momentum of the stock is slower than its long-term momentum, possibly suggesting a downward trend. Furthermore, the stock is under distribution, indicating that more investors are selling than buying, which could put additional downward pressure on the price.

In summary, the stock's technicals suggest a bearish sentiment among investors, with potential downward pressure on the stock price. However, the stock's price stability over the recent months could also indicate a period of consolidation before potential future movements. As always, these technical indicators should be used in conjunction with other forms of analysis for a more comprehensive investment decision.


The ‘Bull’ Perspective

"A Sustainable Future Beckons"

Upfront Summary:

  1. Tesla's Q3 2023 report shows a significant increase in total revenues to $71.61 billion, indicating strong growth and demand for its products.
  2. The company is focusing on expanding its production capacities and efficiency, improving servicing operations, and advancing its energy storage and solar energy business.
  3. Despite a decrease in net income attributable to stockholders and increased costs, Tesla's strong cash position of $26.08 billion provides a solid foundation for future growth.
  4. Tesla's research and development expenses saw a significant increase, with a 58% spike in Q3 2023 to $1.16B, demonstrating its commitment to innovation and technological advancements.
  5. The company's effective tax rate remains low at 8% for Q3 2023, providing a favorable environment for profits and growth.

Strong Revenue Growth
Tesla's Q3 2023 report indicates a significant increase in total revenues, reaching $71.61 billion. This growth is a testament to the company's robust demand for its electric vehicles, energy storage products, and solar energy systems. Despite the challenges posed by the global pandemic and inflationary trends, Tesla has managed to increase its automotive revenues by 5% for the quarter and 21% for the nine months, with sales revenue rising by 4% and 23% respectively.

Focus on Expansion and Efficiency
Tesla is making strategic moves to increase production capacities and efficiency, expand vehicle delivery capabilities, and improve its servicing operations. The company has announced plans for a new Megafactory in Shanghai, aiming to bolster its energy storage products and solar energy business. This focus on expansion and efficiency will enable Tesla to meet increasing demand and maintain its position as a leader in the electric vehicle and renewable energy sector.

Solid Cash Position
Despite a decrease in net income attributable to stockholders and increased costs, Tesla remains in a strong financial position. The company ended Q3 2023 with $26.08 billion in cash and investments. This solid cash position provides a robust foundation for Tesla to invest in research and development, expand its operations, and weather potential economic downturns.

Commitment to Innovation
Tesla's commitment to innovation is evident in its increased spending on research and development. The company's R&D expenses saw a significant spike of 58% in Q3 2023, reaching $1.16 billion. This investment in innovation is crucial for Tesla to maintain its technological edge, develop new products, and improve its existing offerings.

Favorable Tax Environment
Tesla's effective tax rate remains low at 8% for Q3 2023. This low tax rate provides a favorable environment for the company to maximize its profits and reinvest in growth. As the company continues to expand globally, this favorable tax environment will play a key role in its financial success.

In conclusion, Tesla's strong revenue growth, focus on expansion and efficiency, solid cash position, commitment to innovation, and favorable tax environment make it an attractive investment opportunity. The company's leadership in the electric vehicle and renewable energy sector, combined with its robust financial performance, positions it well for future growth.

The ‘Bear’ Perspective


  1. The company's recent financial performance shows increasing costs and decreasing margins.
  2. Tesla's operational plans involve significant capital expenditure, which could strain the company's financial resources.
  3. The company's increasing research and development expenses may not yield profitable results.
  4. Tesla's outstanding combined debt and future financial obligations pose a significant risk.
  5. The ongoing risks associated with COVID-19, competition, and regulatory concerns could negatively impact Tesla's operations and profitability.

Financial Performance:
In the third quarter of 2023, Tesla reported a significant increase in total automotive revenues, with a 5% increase for the quarter and 21% for the nine months. However, the cost of automotive sales revenue also increased, leading to a decline in automotive gross margins. This suggests that Tesla's profitability per vehicle is decreasing, which is a concerning trend for the company. Moreover, the company's net income attributable to stockholders decreased to $7.07 billion, further highlighting the profitability challenges Tesla faces.

Capital Expenditure:
Tesla's operational plans involve substantial capital expenditure, with the company anticipating its capital expenditure to exceed $9 billion in 2023. This high level of expenditure could strain Tesla's financial resources and potentially impact its ability to generate positive cash flows in the future. Furthermore, the company's capital expenditures increased to $6.59 billion in Q3 2023, indicating a trend of rising operational costs.

Research and Development Expenses:
Tesla's research and development expenses saw a significant increase, with a 58% spike in Q3 2023 to $1.16 billion. While R&D investment can lead to innovation and future growth, there is no guarantee that these investments will yield profitable results. This uncertainty, coupled with the substantial increase in R&D expenses, adds to the financial risk profile of the company.

Debt and Financial Obligations:
Tesla's current outstanding combined debt is $3.73 billion, with $1.56 billion due within the next 12 months. This level of debt represents a significant financial obligation for the company and could limit its financial flexibility. Furthermore, if Tesla's cash flows or profitability were to decrease, the company could face challenges in meeting these obligations.

Ongoing Risks:
Tesla faces numerous ongoing risks that could negatively impact its operations and profitability. These include supply chain disruptions, labor shortages, and macroeconomic conditions due to the COVID-19 pandemic, intense competition from well-established and emerging automakers, and fluctuations in government regulations and trade policies. These risks, if realized, could significantly impact Tesla's ability to operate effectively and maintain its current level of profitability.

In conclusion, while Tesla has demonstrated impressive growth and innovation, the company faces significant financial and operational challenges. These factors, coupled with the ongoing risks associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, competition, and regulatory concerns, present a bearish case for the company.